, VI Conference of BRICS Initiative of Critical Agrarian Studies

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Peasant Plan: standing territorial dispute Agrarian question and territorial development
Gerson Antonio Barbosa Borges

Last modified: 2018-12-14


The Peasant Plan is a practical and theoretical elaboration that the Small Farmers' Movement (MPA) has worked as an innovative process in the construction of a development model for peasant agriculture as opposed to the agribusiness development model. In the conception of the MPA, the Peasant Plan is centered in three principal axes: ALIMERGIA (Food, Environment, and Energy); Peasant Production Systems; and Territorial Cooperation Centers. These axes configure new productive bases through new sociability and territorial integrity. This article is a theoretical reflection on territorial development in the light of the Peasant Plan and territorial disputes. The Peasant Plan is based on the concept of territory in the perspective of inseparability, multi-scalarity, and multi-dimensionality. This conception goes beyond territory as a space of governance, as an area or surface, and comprises a typology of territories in which land ownership is at the center of the dispute over development models. Theories and policies are immaterial territories that produce the contested models and their territories. The construction of a Peasant Plan constitutes a territorial dispute in the movement of the class struggle in the 21st century.

We will present experiences built by the MPA in the states of the South, Southeast, Northeast and North regions from the founding axes and base demonstrating the diversity of projects that the MPA is developing as a form of resistance to agribusiness and innovative creation for peasant agriculture. We will associate the results of these experiences and disputes of models of territorial development with the credit policies of the State.


Peasant Plan, Territorial Dispute, Paradigmatic debate, Agribusiness, Conflictuality

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